International Women’s Day is celebrated around the world on March 8. International Women’s Day is celebrated to increase women’s participation in various fields, including economic, political, and social, and to raise awareness about their rights.
In addition, there is a reason behind celebrating this day. It is also important to look with respect to women who are active in various fields. This year’s theme is “Women in Leadership: Achieving an Equal Future in a Covid-19 World”.
History of Women’s Day
In 1908, 15,000 women demonstrated in New York City for lower working hours, better pay, and the right to vote. In view of these women’s demands, the Socialist Party of America declared National Women’s Day in 1909. Later, in 1910, it was granted international status at the Socialist International’s Copenhagen Conference.
Its main purpose was to give women the right to vote at that time. Because then in most countries women do not have the right to vote. Moreover, during the 1917 war, Russian women went on strike demanding food and peace. Four days later the then King of Russia Nicholas Tsar had to relinquish the throne. The then Provisional Government granted women the right to vote.
The United Nations recognizes and celebrates International Women’s Day every year. In fact, at the time when women got the right to vote in Russia, the Julian calendar in Russia and the rest of the world were in circulation on the Gregorian calendar. The day on which the women went on strike was Sunday, February 23, according to the Julian calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar, it is March 8th. That is why March 8 is International Women’s Day.
The United Nations has been celebrating this day since 1996 with a special theme. Following this, International Women’s Day is celebrated every year with a new theme. International Women’s Day has become a day to celebrate and recognize the extent to which women have progressed socially, politically, and economically. In fact .. the real purpose behind this day is to organize dharnas and protests to raise awareness of the ongoing inequalities.